What are the drivers of ionised gas dispersion in galaxies in the local Universe?


We infer the intrinsic ionised gas kinematics for 383 star-forming galaxies across a range of integrated star-formation rates (SFR $\in [10^{-3}, 10^2]$) at $z \lesssim 0.1$ using a consistent 3D forward-modelling technique. The total sample is a combination of galaxies from the SAMI Galaxy Survey and DYNAMO survey. For typical low-$z$ galaxies taken from the SAMI Galaxy Survey, we find the vertical velocity dispersion ($\sigma_{v, z}$) to be positively correlated with measures of star-formation rate, stellar mass, HI gas mass, and rotational velocity. The greatest correlation is with star-formation rate surface density ($\Sigma_\text{SFR}$). Using the total sample, we find $\sigma_{v, z}$ increases slowly as a function of integrated star-formation rate in the range SFR $\in$ [$10^{-3}$, 1] $M_\odot$ yr$^{-1}$ from $17\pm3$ km s$^{-1}$ to $24\pm5$ km s$^{-1}$ followed by a steeper increase up to $\sigma_{v, z}$ $\sim 80$ km s$^{-1}$ for SFR $\gtrsim 1$ $M_\odot$ yr$^{-1}$. This is consistent with recent theoretical models that suggest a $\sigma_{v, z}$ floor driven by star-formation feedback processes with an upturn in $\sigma_{v, z}$ at higher SFR driven by gravitational transport of gas through the disc.

Publication Date: 
May 2020
Paper PDF: